**Action Objectives for Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, and Division**

Students should be able to identify events in daily living that depict ...

• ** addition** (+) as “just” combining (combining *any* amounts, like assembling the parts of a car),

• ** subtraction** (–) as “just” separating (separating into *any* amounts, like whittling a stick),

• ** multiplication** (x) as combining “neatly” (combining *equal* amounts, like putting nickels in a piggy bank), and

• ** division** (÷) as separating “neatly” (separating into *equal* amounts, like spending $1 for snacks everyday).

Note that the signs for the operations picture the combining and separating actions they represent:

• Those for addition (+) and multiplication (x) are both made of what look like crossed sticks to show combining, and the multiplication sign looks like it is *rolling* to suggest *fast* addition (like 5x7 instead of 7+7+7+7+7).

• Those for subtraction (–) and division (÷) are both made with a slash like a knife would make in cutting (separating) something, and the slash for the division sign has dots on either side of it to suggest cutting carefully or “neatly” into equal portions.